Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated as the birthday of Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, or B.R Ambedkar, who was born on April 14th 1891. He is popularly known as Babasaheb. He belongs to Maharastrian family from the town of Ambavadi in the Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra. Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated on14th of April every year. He is a legend. He was the first untouchable kown to have received a college education, go to US & England for higher studies where he studied law.
By 1927 Ambedkar decided to launch active movements against untouchability. He began with public movements and marches to open up and share public drinking water resources, also he began a struggle for the right to enter Hindu temples. He led a satyagraha in Mahad to fight for the right of the untouchable community to draw water from the main water tank of the town.
For more detail : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B._R._Ambedkar
Between 1941 and 1945, he published a number of books and pamphlets, including Thoughts on Pakistan, in which he criticized the Muslim League’s demand for a separate Muslim state of Pakistan but considered its concession if Muslims demanded so as expedient. While justifying the Partition of India, he condemned the practice of child marriage in Muslim society, as well as the mistreatment of women.
Ambedkar studied Buddhism all his life, and around 1950s, Ambedkar turned his attention fully to Buddhism and travelled to Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) to attend a convention of Buddhist scholars and monks. In 1955, he founded the Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha, or the Buddhist Society of India. He completed his final work, The Buddha and His Dhamma, in 1956. It was published posthumously. His work on The Buddha or Karl Marx and “Revolution and counter-revolution in ancient India” remained incomplete.
14th April, his birthday is celebrated as a public holiday all over India. Prayers, meetings and memorial speeches are organized in all state capitals as Ambedkar Jayanti is observed in both public and private sectors. Dr. B.R.Ambedkar was the first Law Minister of India. He was honoured with the Bharat Ratna, the highest Indian civilian award. He died on 6th December, 1956 at his home in Delhi.