What are the Symptoms of Swine Flu (H1N1)

symptoms of swine fluH1N1 (swine) flu is a contagious respiratory disease caused by type A strains of the virus. Thevirus enters the body through inhalation of contaminated droplets or is transferred from a contaminated surface to the eyes, nose or mouth of a person. Usually symptoms of swine flu have generally proved mild. However a small number of patients may develop more serious illness.  Many of these people have other underlying health conditions, such as heart or lung disease, that put them at increased risk. It takes 3 to 5 days for swine flu symptoms to develop and continues for nearly a week

Typical symptoms are:

  • A sudden fever – 100 degrees F or above
  • A sudden cough

Other symptoms may include:

  • Headaches
  • Tiredness
  • Chills
  • Cough and sneezing
  • Headache
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Aching muscles and joints
  • Sore throat
  • Runny nose
  • Diarrhoea or stomach upset
  • Loss of appetite

High-risk groups

You must see a doctor immediately if:

  • you have a serious existing illness that weakens your immune system, such as cancer
  • you are pregnant
  • you have a sick child under one
  • your condition suddenly gets much worse
  • your condition is still getting worse after seven days (five for a child)

It is already known that you are particularly at risk if you have:

  • chronic (long-term) lung disease,
  • chronic heart disease,
  • chronic kidney disease,
  • chronic liver disease,
  • chronic neurological disease (neurological disorders include motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease),
  • immunosuppression (whether caused by disease or treatment) or
  • diabetes mellitus.

Also at risk are:

  • patients who have had drug treatment for asthma within the past three years,
  • pregnant women,
  • people aged 65 and older, and
  • young children under five.

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